Deloitte Examine Signifies Enterprise Journey Continues to Climb in the US and Europe, however Seemingly Faces a Restricted Upside

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  Deloitte Examine Signifies Enterprise Journey Continues to Climb in the US and Europe, however Seemingly Faces a Restricted Upside


The third version of Deloitte’s company journey examine signifies enterprise journey continues to climb in the US and Europe, however doubtless faces a restricted upside. As journey quantity will increase, journey managers face excessive costs, powerful provider negotiations, and sustainability mandates.


By many measures,1 leisure journey in the US and Europe reached pre–COVID-19 ranges months in the past, after following constant upward tendencies for the reason that rollout of vaccines in early 2021. Company journey, nevertheless, has been slower to return. Selections about these journeys face a wholly completely different calculus, accounting for a number of things: traveler security and willingness to board a flight, shopper curiosity in assembly in individual, the worth of attending a convention, and whether or not a digital conferencing platform can exchange the journey—simply to call a number of.

The second half of 2022 was affected by competing forces: On the one hand, the world had spent a number of months previous the height of pandemic concern, which helped pave the way in which for the expansion of company journey. America dropped prearrival testing for many international guests in June, a number of months after Europe. However because the yr wore on, regarding financial indicators continued. From a background of concern about looming recession, layoffs emerged, affecting the tech sector most acutely.2 In March 2023, monetary considerations have been compounded by points within the banking sector, the trajectory of which have been unsure on the time this report was drafted.

As professionals have began to place extra journeys on their itineraries, many are encountering increased airfares and room charges. These pricing circumstances match awkwardly each with journey patrons’ seemingly cautious monetary strategy and with many journey suppliers’ broadly reported staffing challenges and gradual infrastructure updates.

As Deloitte continues to check the way forward for company journey, we’re watching the next key tendencies and developments:

  • The reshaping of journey to account for social shifts similar to extra versatile work, and company journey–particular ones similar to increased expectations of versatile journey bookings
  • Journey’s strategic positioning inside firms
  • Attitudes towards conferencing platforms and different know-how as replacements for various journey use circumstances
  • The state of relations between journey patrons and suppliers, particularly pertaining to contract negotiations
  • Which supplier-led sustainability efforts have probably the most potential to maneuver the needle on bookings


This report attracts on a survey of 334 journey managers, executives with numerous titles and travel-budget oversight, fielded from February 7 to 23, 2023. The survey reached 106 US-based respondents, and 228 European respondents based mostly in the UK (56), Germany (57), Spain (59), and France (56).

Be aware on enterprise journey spend projections

Starting in 2020, many public firms started sharing numerous figures associated to the energy of company journey demand. Deloitte’s estimates and projections depend on the spend figures shared by respondents to our survey.

We want to notice that: 1) there isn’t a reporting normal for company journey quantity; 2) reported metrics are inconsistent throughout firms and normally characterize a portion of company versus the entire (i.e., home versus worldwide; passenger income versus flown section, enterprise transient versus group); 3) as a consequence of a major share booked exterior of company reserving engines, suppliers could lack full visibility into company quantity; 4) developments in journey and work patterns have made accounting for enterprise versus leisure journey more difficult.

Key findings

  • Responses from journey managers point out that company journey’s rebound is on related trajectories in the US and Europe. Spend within the mixed markets is projected to surpass half of 2019 ranges within the first half of 2023, and two-thirds by the tip of the yr.
  • Whereas full restoration to 2019 spend quantity seems doubtless by late 2024 or early 2025, adjusting for misplaced development and inflation signifies that in actual phrases, company journey will doubtless be smaller than it was previous to the pandemic.
  • Worldwide journeys proceed to develop, as challenges decline for visiting components of the world. US respondents count on worldwide’s share of journey prices to leap from 21% in 2022 to 33% in 2023. European respondents count on 32% of 2023 spend to go to worldwide journeys inside the continent, and 28% past.
  • Stay-event attendance seems poised to be a giant development driver, leapfrogging from the fifth largest set off for elevated spend in 2022 to the highest spot in 2023. Greater than half of journey managers in each the US and Europe count on {industry} occasions to spur journey development this yr.
  • Many provider contracts have been frozen for 2 years or longer in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic and started to be renegotiated in 2022. As patrons return to the negotiating desk with decrease anticipated journey quantity, some report that some suppliers are pushing for increased charges. Hospitality suppliers are reportedly taking a stronger strategy than airways, and European suppliers are pushing tougher than American ones.
  • Local weather considerations will doubtless put a cap on company journey positive factors for a number of years to return. 4 in 10 European firms and a 3rd of US firms say they should cut back journey per worker by greater than 20% to satisfy their 2030 sustainability targets.

Charting the restoration: Features proceed, however patrons count on restricted upside 

Company journey made main strides in 2022. After regarding COVID-19 variants and the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine battle set the yr off to a tough begin, enterprise leaders determined the time was proper to reconnect. Accordingly, journey grew roughly twofold from the start to the tip of the yr (determine 1). Spend throughout the US and Europe is anticipated to shoot to 57% of 2019 ranges within the first half of 2023, and surge to almost three-quarters of the prepandemic mark by the tip of the yr.

Whereas full restoration to 2019 ranges seems potential by late 2024, accounting for inflation would go away the company journey market between 10% and 20% smaller in actual phrases than it was previous to the pandemic. Development in 2023—and sure 2024—will are available in an setting of upper airfares and room charges, which means that the variety of journeys will doubtless nonetheless lag additional behind.

On this third version of Deloitte’s survey, journey managers’ expectations have as soon as once more downshifted in comparison with the prior survey, although much less dramatically. Journey managers in the US and Europe anticipate very related trajectories from 2022 by means of 2024. Altogether, a few quarter (24%) of firms count on their journey spend to exceed three-quarters of 2019 ranges within the first half of 2023; that determine greater than doubles to 53% by the second half of 2023. The share of US firms anticipating to succeed in full restoration grows fourfold from the tip of 2023 to the tip of 2024. Amongst European firms, that determine triples (determine 2).


Development drivers: Worldwide journeys and reside occasions paved the way

The most important drivers of the anticipated continued improve in journey, based on the survey, are the expansion of reside occasions and easing of restrictions. As of early 2023, worldwide borders have been lastly actually open for the world’s largest economies, with China being the final to clear the way in which for inbound and outbound journeys. US respondents count on worldwide journeys to account for 33% of 2023 spend, up from 21% in Deloitte’s 2022 survey, and much like 2019. Lengthy-haul company journeys from Europe are nonetheless catching up: Respondents count on 28% of spend to go to journeys past the continent, down from 34% in 2019 (determine 3). Even after restrictions are formally dropped, it could take a while for journey to renew at scale, particularly for long-haul journeys or locations requiring visas, which could take longer to achieve as a consequence of processing bottlenecks.3


The highest causes for these worldwide journeys primarily contain connecting with purchasers and prospects, however there may be some variability throughout the US and Europe. For European respondents, shopper undertaking work is the most important purpose for journeys past the continent, adopted by gross sales conferences. American firms reported that the most important purpose for worldwide journey is to attach with international {industry} colleagues at conferences and to construct shopper relationships.

Stay occasions seem poised to be a significant contributor to enterprise journey demand within the coming yr. They leapfrogged from American firms’ fifth largest purpose for worldwide journey in 2022 to their first in 2023 (determine 4). This development extends to home journeys and to European firms, as anticipated in Deloitte’s 2023 Journey Business Outlook. Elevated occasion attendance is the No. 1 driver of rising spend, cited by greater than half of respondents in each Europe and the US. For American firms, additionally it is the most important impetus for worldwide journeys.

Pent-up demand doubtless performs a task, as many {industry} conferences have been canceled or held on-line for 2 years or extra. However this robust curiosity additionally may sign occasions’ rising significance as distant and hybrid work stay fixtures of the company world. When it’s tougher to name on prospects and purchasers of their places of work, conferences can supply interesting alternatives to attach.

As attendees return to {industry} occasions, many firms are also adjusting their inside occasions. Half report that they’ve break up their bigger gatherings into smaller, regional, nearly related ones. Practically as many (44%) say they’ve adopted a hybrid strategy. Corporations are also more and more trying to make use of their very own gatherings to foster exterior connections: Fifty-four % of European respondents, and 42% of Individuals, say they’re integrating extra purchasers into inside occasions. And a few are adjusting when these occasions happen: Thirty-three % of American respondents and 22% of Europeans say they’re shifting inside occasions to hotter months, and extra Europeans say they’re integrating extra purchasers.

How we work impacts how we journey: WFH and video conferencing are altering journey selections

With COVID-19 being much less of an acute well being concern for a lot of, and border restrictions more and more much like the prepandemic interval, why would company journey not instantly snap again to its prior development trajectory? Backside-line considerations and sustainability are two of the most important causes. And these are supported by the power to leverage know-how to lower the variety of journeys wanted.

Corporations proceed to see a point of tech replaceability for all sorts of journey use circumstances. However there are clear standouts. Inner trainings and inside staff conferences are rated as most replaceable, with greater than 44% of respondents ranking every on the excessive low finish on the necessity for in-person interplay. On the opposite finish of the spectrum, solely 7% and 11% of respondents gave related rankings, respectively, to shopper acquisition and shopper rapport–constructing.

The identical know-how that’s changing some journey is utilized by some firms every day to allow working from residence (WFH), which appears prone to stick going ahead. Journey managers count on the longer term office flexibility mannequin to have 3.2 occasions the WFH days in comparison with the prepandemic frequency (determine 5).


Workers appear to favor the hybrid work mannequin as nicely. Based on the Deloitte World State of the Client Tracker,4 on common, individuals who can work remotely already are doing so for two.6 days per week, however want to accomplish that for 3.5 days.

This rise in WFH desire and incidence over the previous two years has solidified some adjustments in the kind of enterprise journeys taken. Based on the survey, workers are touring to extra cities inside driving distance from their location. There may be additionally a reported improve in journeys to the corporate headquarters by relocated workers, most of which (70%) are both utterly or partially paid for by the corporate.

The most important impacts that versatile work preparations are having on journey quantity are much less direct: Corporations have realized that digital conferencing can help, to a point, each enterprise want that journey serves. And distributed workforces make it extra difficult to rearrange in-person conferences with purchasers, prospects, and inside groups which can be spending fewer days within the workplace.

Nonhotel lodging

In comparison with Deloitte’s 2022 survey, there was huge motion within the incorporation of nonhotel lodging into firm journey insurance policies. Amongst US firms:

  • Solely about 10% don’t reimburse for nonhotel lodging, down from half in 2022
  • 45% have nonhotel lodging of their company reserving instruments versus 9% final yr
  • 57% have agreements with particular branded house/residence rental suppliers, up from 23% in 2022

European firms path barely behind American ones in formal preparations (incorporation into reserving instruments or agreements with particular suppliers), however one in 4 reimburse workers for nonhotel stays with out such formal constructions in place.

Price management and contracting: Renegotiating with new wants, expectations 

As company journey continues its enlargement after three lean years, firms face a difficult price setting. Larger airfares and room charges are the biggest contributor to rising prices, they usually have additionally develop into the No. 1 issue deterring the variety of journeys taken, up from No. 5 in 2022 (determine 4).

Whereas shopper industries have been affected by inflation broadly, and revealed airfares and room charges have additionally risen for leisure journeys,5 company journey faces distinct pressures. After years of diminished journey, many firms are working to accommodate shifting expectations from their workforce. About half of respondents report that workers’ expectations of luxurious providers (similar to first or enterprise class airfares and upscale motels) and the necessity for versatile or last-minute bookings are pushing prices up in 2023 (determine 6). An analogous share say that the pursuit of sustainable suppliers additionally provides to prices.


On the similar time, some firms have additionally been renegotiating contracts after two or extra years in a holding sample because of the pandemic. Three in 10 respondents say that suppliers froze their negotiated charges in 2020 and 2021 based mostly on (increased) 2019 quantity. This was true for extra American respondents (35%) than European ones (28%).

The potential for extended decrease enterprise journey could also be affecting negotiations. As suppliers and journey patrons have labored to replace their contract phrases in 2022 and 2023, some have encountered vital price will increase. In This autumn earnings calls, the CEOs of Marriott,6 IHG,7 and different main lodge firms attributed latest robust efficiency partly to increased company charges. Total although, most patrons appear glad with the offers they’re hanging. About one in 5 (19%) say that motels are much less accommodating on charges as a result of they count on decrease quantity; simply 11% report the identical for airways.

European suppliers look like much less forthcoming with aggressive charges than Individuals: Fifty-four % of European respondents report favorable airline pricing on optimistic quantity expectations versus 63% in the US. That regional hole is comparable on the hospitality facet (determine 7). In each areas, journey patrons usually imagine that suppliers are taking a long-term view of their relationships versus urgent their benefit within the second.


Larger charges doubtless have a dampening impact on the variety of journeys taken, however much less so than final yr. Just below half (45%) of firms say they restrict frequency to regulate prices, down from 72% in 2022. As a substitute, the main target has shifted to mitigating the fee per journey with cheaper lodging (59%) and lower-cost flights (56%).

Larger aspirations: Journey’s strategic positioning

The expertise of 2020 and far of 2021 demonstrated that companies may nonetheless perform with journey at a close to standstill, saving firms hundreds of thousands. However even probably the most backside line–pushed leaders doubtless know that journey is extra than simply an expense line.

COVID-19 lockdowns introduced travel-related selections into the boardroom for a lot of firms in a single day. And for a lot of, the calculus of when and return to the street could have additionally helped to bolster a extra strategic positioning. When requested about 5 completely different approaches firms may take towards contemplating the worth facet of the journey equation, 63% of respondents mentioned their firm has adopted at the least three to some extent (determine 8). Most prominently, seven in 10 say their firm strategically evaluates and prioritizes journey’s potential outcomes (similar to income era) and negative effects (similar to price, emissions, and well being dangers).


Whereas these numbers exhibit {that a} majority of firms deal with journey with some strategic significance, in addition they point out potential room for enchancment. The journey administration perform has traditionally centered on controlling prices, and lots of firms are doubtless in early phases of higher monitoring how the advantages warrant these prices. Company journey suppliers and companions could have alternatives to assist firms navigate towards higher optimization, each by taking part in an even bigger function in supporting optimistic journey outcomes, and by serving to to measure journeys’ influence.

Sustainability: Looking for a path to greener journey

As some firms search to cut back their carbon footprint to satisfy both regulatory necessities or their very own objectives, journey attracts consideration as a major contributor to emissions. Though only one in seven surveyed firms in the US and one in 5 in Europe count on sustainability curbs to cut back their journey in 2023, simply over 40% of every say they’re working to optimize their company journey coverage to lower their environmental influence.

With sustainability being a transparent company precedence for a lot of, journey suppliers have invested considerably in initiatives to cut back their carbon footprint and exhibit their inexperienced dedication—from designing brand-wide initiatives and striving to keep up a number of sustainability certifications, to funding analysis and incubating startups. Along with decreasing emissions, these efforts by airways and motels are additionally aimed toward attracting and retaining company purchasers.

Though only one in seven surveyed firms in the US and one in 5 in Europe count on sustainability curbs to cut back their journey in 2023, simply over 40% of every say they’re working to optimize their company journey coverage to lower their environmental influence.

The stakes for these investments are actual. Because it stands, 4 in 10 European firms surveyed and a 3rd in the US say they should cut back journey per worker greater than 20% by 2030 to satisfy sustainability targets (determine 9). And lots of are constructing this into their insurance policies: Forty-three % of respondents (42% in the US and 45% in Europe) say they’re within the technique of implementing a construction to assign carbon-emission budgets to groups alongside monetary budgets. Issues abound for constant emissions monitoring and for mandating such budgets.

To higher perceive which provider efforts are most certainly to help continued engagement with journey patrons, Deloitte checked out seven completely different sustainability metrics or attributes for motels, airways, and automobile rental suppliers. About two-thirds of firms say they’re taking every into consideration, however the diploma and sort of consideration varies (determine 10).


Total mandated use by survey respondents is comparatively low and is most generally adopted across the following: electrical rental automobiles (presumably requiring workers to e book them when accessible), airline seat upgrades, and carbon emissions per flight itinerary. These attributes are additionally most certainly to be flagged in company reserving engines, maybe as a consequence of relative readability in comparison with hotel-related attributes. On the lodge facet, there seems to be a number of knowledge assortment and monitoring, however much less exercise that clearly indicators sustainability efforts may also help appeal to extra bookings.

Journey suppliers and intermediaries ought to keep in dialog with company patrons on their progress in monitoring journey emissions, and arming vacationers with info to decide on probably the most sustainable different. It is probably not simple to create verifiable requirements to measure the local weather influence of every journey buy, however demand for such requirements is clear.


Adore it, hate it, or detached, the phrase “new regular” appears relevant to company journey in 2023 and 2024. Any discuss of an upward trajectory for journey could carry caveats for at the least a number of years, given the latest previous—caveats about variants, new well being emergencies, and financial and geopolitical instability. However barring main crises, company journey appears poised to certain upward for a yr or so, earlier than a possible return to the single-digit positive factors that have been widespread previous to the pandemic.

Essentially the most vital new points of the brand new regular are coming into sharper focus. Adjustments in how work will get completed look prone to restrict company journey’s upside and alter the stakes of journeys taken. Sustainability commitments and necessities are also anticipated to restrict company journey development, however alternative is clear within the willingness amongst journey patrons to work facet by facet with suppliers as they search methods to make journey greener. And all of this seems to be taking place within the context of a fragile and shifting steadiness round price, worth, and the strategic positioning of journey. For the journey suppliers and intermediaries that serve company purchasers, these rising realities may create openings for smarter partnerships and collaborations which have the potential to unlock journey’s aggressive benefits whereas minimizing its downsides.

About Deloitte

Deloitte supplies industry-leading audit, consulting, tax and advisory providers to most of the world’s most admired manufacturers, together with practically 90% of the Fortune 500® and greater than 7,000 non-public firms. Our individuals come collectively for the higher good and work throughout the {industry} sectors that drive and form at this time’s market — delivering measurable and lasting outcomes that assist reinforce public belief in our capital markets, encourage purchasers to see challenges as alternatives to remodel and thrive, and assist paved the way towards a stronger economic system and a more healthy society. Deloitte is proud to be a part of the biggest international skilled providers community serving our purchasers within the markets which can be most vital to them. Constructing on greater than 175 years of service, our community of member companies spans greater than 150 nations and territories. Learn the way Deloitte’s roughly 415,000 individuals worldwide join for influence at

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